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Macbeth
Title Thane of Glamis
Thane of Cawdor
King of Scotland
Physical Description
Gender Male
Personal Info
Birthday 1005 A.D.
Status Deceased
Relatives Sinel (Father)
Lady Macbeth (Wife)
Media
Play Macbeth
v - e
Lord Macbeth is the titular protagonist turned main antagonist of William Shakespeare's Macbeth.

History Edit

Early Life Edit

Lord Macbeth was born around 1005 A.D. in Glamis Province, Scotland, to Lord Sinel, the thane of Glamis, and Lady Doada, the youngest daughter of Scotland's King Malcolm II. Growing up training in the medieval warfare, he developed a valor that partook something more than hardihood and bravery. Many of his partisans described it as courage, but his enemies saw it as cruelty. It was for this reason that the position of heir and successor to the King eventually went to Macbeth's much older first cousin Duncan, as many were aware that the former had too much of a tie to royalty that would have disturbed the family lineage. Although stigmatized by this, Macbeth was luckily emulated into being as caring and peacekeeping as his royal cousin, acting as his father's worthy representative for wealthy citizens in need for curiosity and interest within the most irksome corners of their family lives. On one such occasion, he paid these respects to Moray through the connections made with the province's thane, the gracious Kenneth, and his fair but ambitious daughter Gruoch. The younger nobleman instantly fell in love with the latter at first sight and equally expressed fascination from Grouch's lady-in-waiting Doada, who to him was fair as her singing and golden hair (which was most likely from heaven) and of course shared the same name as his mother.

When he reached adulthood, Macbeth continued his errands in royal and military duties under Duncan and their grandfather Malcolm. He eventually returned with other nobles in the land for his father at some point afterwards, his most favorite of which being revisits to Gruoch at her castle in Moray. During one of these later courtships with her, the young chieftain contrived to lead the lusting lady apart, successfully winning her regard when their attachment was avowed by her father. Doada was returned to her highlander father in the mountains the day before

She married him for the money, and he married her for love.

Role in the Play Edit

As the war ended with his and Banquo's slaughter of Macdonwald and capture of the Thane of Cawdor in the battle near Forres, King Duncan honored Macbeth in high praise and sent the thane of Ross to deliver the war hero his reward: the thane of Cawdor's title, since its previous holder was to be hanged for treason. Meanwhile, while on their way back to the royal camp in Forres, Macbeth and Banquo wandered onto a heath, where three witches appeared and greeted them with prophecies. They addressed Macbeth first, hailing him as the thane of Glamis and Cawdor, and that he will become King afterwards, while Banquo was hailed as a father to a line of kings, though he himself will never be one. As the witches disappeared, Ross arrived and presented Macbeth his new title, but it became apparent that Macbeth already begun to harbour ambitions of becoming a king, even after Duncan named his oldest son Malcolm III his heir. He stated that the kingship will fall into his lap by luck alone, and that he would not have to take any action to fulfill the witches' last prophecy: “If chance may have me king, why chance may crown me without my stir”. Macbeth became fixated on the prophecy, ignoring Banquo's advice that “oftentimes to win us to our harm these instruments of darkness tell us truths…to betray us in deepest consequence”.

Later that day, the King declared that he will spend a night at Macbeth's castle. Before returning home there, Macbeth sent a message ahead to his wife, telling her about the witches' prophecies. But Lady Macbeth suffered none of her husband's uncertainty and wanted him to kill Duncan in order to obtain his kingship (Yet in medieval times and the Elizabethan era, plans to commit regicide were punishable by death). Macbeth at first refused, but changed his mind when she accused him of cowardice. Giving into his ambition, the corrupted lord murdered King Duncan in his sleep that night despite his doubts and a number of supernatural portents, including the hallucination of a bloody dagger. He then let Lady Macbeth take charge, and she framed Duncan's sleeping servants for the murder by placing the bloody daggers on them. The next morning, the loyal thane of Fife, Macduff, and the thane of Lennox arrived at the castle, and were escorted by Macbeth himself to the King's chambers. There, Macduff discovered Duncan's body, and Macbeth murdered the chamber servants to stop them from professing their innocence, but claimed to have done so in a fit of anger over their misdeeds. Fearing whomever killed their father desired their demise as well, Malcolm and his younger brother Donalbain fled to England and Ireland, respectively, allowing themselves to become prime suspects in the process. Thus, their departure left Macbeth to be named the next King crowned at Scone, with his wife joining him as his queen.

As king, Macbeth secretly became tyrannical and greedy yet believed himself to be beyond redemption, brutally stamping out any real or perceived threats to his power. Although uneasy of the witches' prophecy to Banquo and in fear of his suspicions, he invited the latter thane to a royal banquet, but learned that Banquo and his son Fleance were going to ride out that night. Macbeth thus arranged to have them both murdered during their trip, and hired two murderers to carry out the deed with a third later sent to assist. The assassins succeeded in their mission against Banquo, but Fleance escaped. This made Macbeth furious, for he believed that his power remained insecure as long as an heir of Lochaber lived. At the banquet, he invited his thanes and Lady Macbeth to a night of drinking and merriment until Banquo's ghost appeared and sat in his place. Macbeth raved fearfully, startling the guests, as the ghost was only visible to himself. They all panic at the sight of their king shouting at an empty chair, but a desperate Lady Macbeth assured them that her husband was afflicted by a familiar and harmless malady. The ghost left but appeared again, causing the same riotous paranoia in Macbeth. This time, his wife asked the guests to leave.

killed McDuff's family, and many others. He learnt from the Witches that he could only die when Forests walk, and that he could not die from a Woman-Born. But he also learnt he could only be killed by McDuff, another powerful knight, not unlike McBeth when he was a knight.

He declared war on McDuff.

Family TreeEdit

Sinel
 
 
Macbeth
 
Lady Macbeth
 

ReferencesEdit

v - e - dMacbeth
Macbeth | Lady Macbeth | Banquo | Fleance | Duncan | Lady Macduff | Macduff | Macduff's Son | The Three Witches | Malcolm | Lennox | Donalbain | Macdonwald | Ross | Angus | Sweno | Thane of Cawdor | Sinel | Ross | Angus | Thane of Cawdor | Lennox | Donalbain | Ross | Angus | Donalbain | Lennox | Ross | Angus | Macbeth | Macbeth | Donalbain | Lennox | Ross | Lennox | Ross | Hecate | Edward | Siward | Hecate | Lennox | Ross | Menteith | Caithness | Angus | Lennox | Seyton

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